Zika FAQs

Understand more about the mosquito-borne virus and its complications.

A short video clip regarding Zika here.  For the latest news and updates on Zika kindly visit the Director-General of Health website.

What is Zika?

Zika (also known as Zika Fever or Zika virus disease) is an infectious disease caused by Zika Virus.

  1. Zika is primarily spread through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito, which also transmits dengue and chikungunya.
  2. Spreads from a pregnant woman to her fetus.
  3. Can be passed through sexual contact from an infected partner.
  1. Many people infected would not have symptoms or will only have mild symptoms lasting for several days to weeks.
  2. The most common symptoms are:


  1. There is no specific medicine to treat Zika.
  2. Patients with symptoms of Zika infection should:


  1. Take added precautions against mosquito bites.
  2. Zika infection during pregnancy can cause fetuses to have a birth defect of the brain called microcephaly.
  3. Microcephaly is a congenital condition in which the head size is very much smaller than usual.
  4. Infants infected with Zika virus before birth, may suffer from eye defects, hearing deficits, and impaired growth. There have also been increased reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome, an uncommon sickness of the nervous system, in areas affected by Zika.
  5. Pregnant women who develop symptoms of Zika should consult their doctors.
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